on this day in 1924, Satyendra Nath Bose sent his quantum formulations to Albert Einstein. Google on June 4 created a special doodle to celebrate Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose, who is known as one of the fathers of quantum mechanics. He also studied statistical mechanics and made contributions to the theory of the Bose-Einstein statistics. On this day in 1924, Bose sends his theory to Einstein who quickly recognized that it was a significant discovery in quantum mechanics
Bose was born on January 1, 1894. He studied in Calcutta and achieved brilliant results. Among his many academic achievements, his work in mathematics and physics brings him the most fame. Google said that Bose’s father encouraged his interest in mathematics by writing an arithmetic problem for him to solve before leaving for work every day, in a blog post. At the age of 15, Bose began to pursue a Bachelor of Science degree at Presidency College in Calcutta and also secured a Master’s Degree in Applied Mathematics at the University of Calcutta.
At the young age of 22, Bose was appointed as a Lecturer at Calcutta University and would later be joined by Meghnad Saha to work in a variety of scientific disciplines. By 1917, Bose had started giving lectures on physics. In 1921, he became a Reader in Physics at Dacca University – the newly established university.
He had a couple of papers published by the same journal earlier, co-authored with Saha. He documented his findings in a report called Planck’s Law and the Hypothesis of Light Quanta while teaching. Even though his paper was rejected by a scientific journal, he decided to mail it to the world-renowned physicist Albert Einstein.
Bose’s theory for a wider range of phenomena came to be known as Bose-Einstein statistics. Einstein recognized the significance of this and generalized it. His contributions to modern-day physics were recognized by the Indian government, which awarded him the Padma Vibhushan, one of the highest civilian awards in the country. He was also appointed as the National Professor, a prestigious title for scholars in India.
Bose’s legacy has been honoured in a number of ways, most notably by naming any particle that obeys the Bose Einstein statistics a boson. His theory is one of the cornerstones of condensed matter physics