What Does SMPS Stand For?
SMPS stands for Switched Mode Power Supply, also referred to as Switching Mode Power Supply. It is an electronic power supply system employing a switching regulator to efficiently transfer electrical power. Typically used as a PSU (Power Supply Unit) in computers, SMPS adjusts voltage levels to suit the computer’s requirements.
Principles of Operation for SMPS
In SMPS devices, switching regulators are utilized to toggle the load current on and off, ensuring precise voltage regulation. The system maintains the mean voltage between ‘off’ and ‘on’ states. Unlike linear power supplies, SMPS transistors rapidly alternate between low-dissipation ‘full-on’ and ‘full-off’ phases, minimizing energy loss.
Advantages of SMPS
- Compact and space-efficient design.
- Lightweight construction.
- Typically achieves power consumption efficiency of 60 to 70%, making it highly efficient.
- Strong resistance to interference.
- Available in a wide range of production options.
Limitations of SMPS
- Complex design and operation.
- Higher production costs and weaker control in some cases.
- Primarily used as a step-down regulator.
- Provides only a single voltage output in most cases.