Introduction: A new study led by the University College London (UCL) reveals that climate change could abruptly push species over tipping points as their geographic ranges reach unprecedented temperatures. The research, published in Nature Ecology & Evolution, predicts the potential exposure of species to dangerous temperatures and highlights the need for urgent action.
- Analysis of data from over 35,000 animal species and seagrasses shows that climate change could lead to abrupt habitat loss for many species.
- The study identifies a threshold of thermal exposure, where temperatures consistently exceed the historical extremes experienced by a species.
- Crossing this threshold may not lead to immediate extinction, but it indicates that species may struggle to survive under higher temperatures.
- The research projects that a significant portion of a species’ geographic range could become inhospitable within a short period of time.
- The speed of habitat changes may prevent species from adapting or migrating to cooler regions in time.
Impact of Global Warming:
- The extent of global warming plays a crucial role: a 1.5°C increase in global temperatures would put 15% of the studied species at risk, while a 2.5°C increase would put 30% of species at risk.
- Urgent carbon emission reduction is essential to mitigate the harmful effects of climate change and prevent a potential extinction crisis.
- The study aims to assist conservation efforts by providing an early warning system to identify species at risk.
- By visualizing the changes over time, researchers hope to emphasize the need for immediate action to prevent catastrophic consequences.
- The data can help direct targeted conservation efforts before it is too late.
Understanding the Pattern:
- The study suggests that the pattern of abrupt exposure may be an inherent feature of living on a round planet.
- Due to Earth’s shape, species have more available area in environments that are closer to the extreme temperatures they are accustomed to, such as low-lying areas or near the equator.
- Even if climate change is halted and global temperatures start to decline, the risks to biodiversity could persist for decades.
- The study emphasizes the need for sustained efforts to address the impacts of climate change on species and ecosystems.
Support and Funding:
- The study was supported by various institutions, including the Royal Society, the Natural Environment Research Council, the National Science Foundation (US), the African Academy of Sciences, and NASA.
Conclusion: The study underscores the urgent need to address climate change and its impacts on species. By identifying species at risk and highlighting the potential consequences, the research provides valuable insights for conservation efforts and emphasizes the importance of reducing carbon emissions to mitigate the harmful effects of climate change.